Cocaine, known medically as benzoylmethylecgonine, is a popular stimulant drug widely taken to induce feelings of happiness and confidence. When it is found on the streets, it is generally sold as a whitish powder commonly known as coke, snow, or blow. It is usually diluted with other white powders such as talcum powder, sugar or cornstarch. Cocaine abuse and dependence are serious problems in American society, with cocaine the second most popular drug in America behind marijuana. Tampa cocaine abuse rehab is dedicated to assisting individuals who suffer from addiction find the right treatment facility.
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Physical symptoms of cocaine consumption include high blood pressure, large pupils, fast heart rate, sweating, and high body temperature. Psychological symptoms of cocaine consumption include a loss of contact with reality, high confidence, agitation, and intense feelings of happiness. It is normally snorted, with some people also injecting the drug or smoking it in the form of crack cocaine.
Cocaine use causes harmful side effects, but concurrent use of the drug and other addictive substances is even more dangerous. Co-use of alcohol and cocaine is extremely toxic to the heart and may also heighten the tendency towards violent thoughts and behavior. Speed balling, the practice of snorting or injecting a mix of heroin and cocaine, can lead to bronchial hyperactivity and other breathing problems, extreme stress on body organs, overdosing and death. Similar effects can result from co-using cocaine and sedatives.
While cocaine does not cause a physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome like alcohol or opioid drugs, it is associated with a range of psychological withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal is known as a "crash", with users experiencing paranoia, depression, anxiety, irritability, insomnia, and intense drug cravings. These withdrawal symptoms range from mild to severe, with medications sometimes applied to alleviate symptoms and reduce the possibility of relapse. While most symptoms are gone in a matter of days, some people experience long-term depression and other psychological problems as a result of cocaine dependence.